Campionamento sulla Verità del BerniniCesare Brandi, founder and director of the Higher Institute for Conservation and Restoration (ISCR), in his Theory defines the restoration as "the methodological moment of the recognition of artwork, in its physical substance and in its dual polarity, aesthetic and historical”. Aesthetics cause identified as a work of art carrier of a special significance; historical cause it refers to a certain past time and place where it was built.


First of all, restoration means as well knowledge of the object on which intervention is carried out.
Based on these theoretical assumptions, the protection and conservation can not be separated from the diagnostic research, which should be an essential part of the conservation work. Preparing a plan that provides preliminary diagnostic investigations for the characterization of materials and knowledge of the conservation status and degradation factors, and deepening restoration products for the control of the proper progress of the intervention.

Also, it is indispensable to ensure the goodness of the analytical results to take care of the sampling, that can be considered an primary part of the analysis. The results obtained are strictly connected to this operation get with the various techniques and their significance. The sampling must be done by professional technicians, who will perform the laboratory investigations (they know the type and size of samples required for the different analyses); it must meet the standard of representativeness, ensuring as far as possible that each sample embodies all the issues concerning an homogeneous area, respecting the historical-artistic aspect of the manufacture.

CampionamentoData obtained with a properly planned and well conducted diagnostic campaign are precious to guide any restoration and preservation execution to results of high quality, respectful of the artefact and durable.


Microscopio ottico